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PREDICTORS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION AMONG NURSING MOTHERS ATTENDING IMMUNIZATION CLINIC IN LAGOS NIGERIA

Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a debilitating
disorder that is mostly unrecognized among
women after childbirth. The study assesses the
prevalence and predictors of postpartum
depression among nursing mothers attending
immunization clinic in Lagos Nigeria. The design
adopted for this study is a cross-sectional design.
Target population of this study are nursing
mothers attending immunization clinic in Lagos
and balloting sampling technique was used to
select 290 participants. The instrument used for
this study was a self-administered questionnaire
with validity established and reliability done
through pilot test using Cronbach Alpha with
coefficient value of 0.84. Data collected was
analyzed with Statistical Package of Social
Science (SPSS) version 21. Descriptive statistics
was used to generate frequencies and
percentages, while Chi-square was used to test the
significant association that exists between the
variables of interest at p < 0.05 and 95%
confidence interval. The results are presented in
tables and charts as appropriate. The result of this
study shows that the prevalence rate of
postpartum depression is low using Edinburgh
Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) with cut off =
10. Further findings reported in this study is that
age is significantly associated with the prevalence of postpartum depression with (X =37.119, df=3,
p=0.000), while socio-economic status, family
history and postnatal week is the predictors of
postpartum depression with (X =9.872, df =3,
p=0.0200), (X =70.212, df=1, p=0.0001) and
(X =45.623, df=2, p=0.000). Conversely, a small
number(six) of the independent variables are not
predictors of the prevalence of postpartum
depression. But an association exists between lack of sufficient support during pregnancy and at early stage of childbirth and prevalence of postpartum depression of mothers. It is therefore recommended that early screening, creation of a
support group and awareness program on
postpartum depression could prevent mental
health problems among nursing mothers

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PERCEPTION ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF CERVICAL SCREENING AMONG NURSES IN ADEOYO MATERNITY HOSPITAL IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

This study examines the perception, attitude and
practice of nurses towards cervical screening. A
descriptive cross-sectional survey was adopted
for this study and a simple random sampling
technique was used to select two hundred and fifty
(250) nurses as data for the study. Data were
collected through a self -structured questionnaire
with a reliability co-efficient score of 0.85 and
analysed using descriptive statistics. The result
was presented with tables, frequency distribution
and percentages. The result of this study shows
that the respondents had positive perception and
attitude towards cervical screening, but their
practice level is inadequate. It is therefore
recommended that the screening should be made
compulsory for all female health workers.

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RELEVANCE OF SEX EDUCATION TO THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION OBJECTIVES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

This study sets out to determine the relevance of
sex education to the achievement of objectives
of senior secondary education among selected
secondary school students in Egor Local
Government Area of Edo State. In view of this,
three research questions were raised and two
hypotheses were tested. For the purpose of this
study, we adopt the descriptive survey research
design. The population for the study consist of
all public senior secondary school students in
Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The
instruments for the study consists of
questionnaire designed by the researcher from
literatures reviewed, national policy on
education and were structured to cover all the
research questions, to determine the reliability
of the instrument, the researcher trial tested on
a representative sample of 20 female and 20
male students from UBTH Staff Secondary
School. Result of the data analysis gave alpha
coefficient value of 0.79. Findings from the
study reveal that majority of the respondents
perceive the stated objectives of senior
secondary education can be achieved through
sex education and therefore relevant in senior
secondary education curriculum. Further
result establishes that there is a cordial
relationship between the relevance of sex
education to the objectives of National Policy
of Education and gender among secondary
school students because both genders
acknowledge the relevance. Lastly, we
conclude that the relationship between the
relevance of sex education to the objectives of
National Policy of Education and age of respondents. The result of the hypotheses tested
reveals that there is no significant relationship
between the perception of sex education and
gender of respondents. Secondly, there is no
significant relationship between the relevance
of sex education and the objectives of National
Policy of Education and the age of secondary
school students within Egor Local Government
Area. Based on these findings, it was
recommended that sex education should be
taught in schools to help in proper upbringing
of youth and achieve academic excellent

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SELF-MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG SECURITY PERSONNEL WORKING IN THE MAIN CAMPUS OF AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY ZARIA, NIGERIA

Observations have shown that self-medication
practice is on the increase thus significantly
negatively affecting the growth and dynamism of
the health in Nigeria. The study therefore sets out
to examine the practices of self-medication among
security personnel in Ahmadu Bello University
Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Descriptive cross sectional research design was adopted for the
study. The instrument used for data collection was
a self-developed structured questionnaire with a
reliability score of 0.76. Stratified random
sampling technique was used to select 200
respondents. 200 questionnaires were distributed
to respondents and 190 questionnaires were
successfully retrieved and analyzed with SPSS
version 23 and the result presented in tables,
percentages and frequencies. The study reveals
that majority of the respondents are practicing
self-medication and the prevalence rate is high.
Our findings show that the most commonly used
drugs in self-medication are paracetamol, antimalarial and flagyl (metronidazole), septrin and
cough syrup. These drugs are found to
significantly affect users negatively. The study
therefore recommends that the university
authorities should collaborate with relevant Non-Governmental organizations to conduct
orientation/awareness programmes on the
dangers of self-medication practices in the
community

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USE OF LONG-LASTING INSECTICIDES TREATED NET (LLIN) FOR MALARIA PREVENTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS, NIGERIA

Observation have shown that the highest
percentage (90%) of deaths from malaria
occurred in Africa south of the Sahara, with
pregnant women and their unborn children
being particularly vulnerable to its deleterious
effects such as anaemia and abortion. The
study determines the use/practice of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets for malaria
prevention among pregnant women in a
purposively selected hospital in Lagos,
Nigeria. The descriptive survey method was
adopted and the target population is pregnant
women. The instrument for this study is a self-developed semi-structured questionnaire.
Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20
with descriptive and inferential statistics. The
result of this study shows that modal age of the
respondents ranges between 26-30years and
majority (74.4%) have up to tertiary education.
The result further reveals that the respondents
are knowledgeable about malaria while the
utilization of ITN/LLINS in malaria prevention
by the respondents is poor. Reasons for not
having or using the net are non-availability
and that it generates heat. Two hypotheses are
tested and findings reveals that in hypothesis 1
significant associations exists between
knowledge of malaria prevention and respondents’ educational level (x =14.225,
p<0.05) and in hypothesis 2 there is significant
association between the knowledge of malaria prevention and the use of the net (x = 9.442,
p<0.05). The study concludes that pregnant
mothers should be enlightened and motivated in the prevention of malaria through the use of
insecticide-treated nets.

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CHOICE OF BIRTH PLACE AMONG WOMEN IN ABAVO CENTRAL COMMUNITY, OGBE-OBI, DELTA STATE

The choice of birth place during delivery is very
important for women and their families because
it determines to a large extent the outcome of
pregnancies and child birth.The aim of this study
is to assess the choice of birth place among
women in Abavo Central Community, OgbeObi, Delta State. A descriptive cross-sectional
design was used. The target population were
reproductive age women who have given birth at
least once. Taro Yamane formula was used to
determine the sample size of three hundred (300)
and a simple random sampling technique was
used to select participants for the study. A self-developed structured questionnaire was
validated by an expert while reliability was
determined through internal consistency and
reliable with Cronbach Alpha value of 0.8.
Data was analysed and presented in tables of
frequency and percentages and hypothesis was
used using inferential statistics such as chi-square, level of significance of P.value of less
than 0.05. Findings from the study reveal that
majority of the respondents’ (57.7%) choice of
birthplace is health centre and the main factors
influencing the choice of birth place are
maternal education and closeness of health
facility to home.It is therefore recommended that
community-based health education on benefit of
health facility delivery should be emphasised.
Community should be health educated on
harmful practices as regard culture and
traditional should be stressed.

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BURDEN AND COPING STRATEGIES OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN UNDERGOING SURGERY IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN NIGERIA

Parents are an indispensable part of the
healthcare team, and they are exposed to a
gamut of burden when their children are
hospitalized. The objectives of this study are to
explore the burden experienced by parents of
children undergoing surgery, identify various
coping strategies employed by the parents and
explore the association between burden, sociodemographic characteristics and coping
ability of respondents. Across-sectional study
was conducted among fifty purposively
selected mothers of children undergoing
surgery in the paediatric surgical unit of
Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching
Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Data
was collected using a structured questionnaire
measuring the burden and coping strategies of
respondents. Data were analyzed
descriptively and inferentially. Findings
revealed that parents experienced severe
burden (54.0%) which manifested as stressors
such as fear of surgery (80%), financial burden
(77%), disturbed mind when transferring child
to the operating room (76%), separation from
the child (78%), fear of child stop breathing
(66%), seeing the child in pain (72%), and
meeting the daily needs of other children
(58%), In addition, 76% of the respondents
cope moderately with the burden associated
with their children surgery. Identified coping
pattern includes: reading more about child’s
condition (62.0%), talking to people with
previous experience (62.0%), and turning to
God (98.0%). Furthermore, there is a
significant association between religion and
coping (x =7.22, p=.007. The study concludes that parents of children undergoing surgical
procedure experienced severe burden and cope
moderately with the burden, through reading,
talking to people and turning to God.

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ASSESSMENT OF CIGARETTE SMOKING AMONG UNDERGRADUATES OF AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY ZARIA

This study explores the cigarette smoking habit
among undergraduates of Ahmadu Bello
University (ABU), Zaria. A descriptive design
was adopted for this study and the target
population of study consists of female and male
undergraduate students of Nursing Department in
A.B.U Zaria. The sample size for this study was
200 and the instrument used was a self- developed
questionnaire through Likert scale. The reliability
coefficient score of the instrument yielded a
Cronbach alpha score of 0.85. The data was
analyzed through simple frequencies and tables.
The result of this study revealed that the
respondents’ perception of students towards
cigarette smoking is positive but the level of
cigarettes smoking among undergraduates is low.
The study further observed the cause of cigarette
smoking among the respondents was that it was
seen as a way of life. Lastly, All respondents are
very much aware of the negative effects of
cigarette smoking in which they consider cancer
as the common health problem. It is therefore
recommended that tobacco awareness programs
should continue to target young adults as an at risk population, and that health care training
programs should place a greater emphasis on
tobacco cessation. Secondly, students should be
encouraged to make smoke freeways such as
meditation, a sip of tea, and anti-smoking
socialization habits such as e-cigs are an easy
alternative, or even holding something like a
pencil or a bottle of water to relax, and avoidance
of places and situations that predisposes to
cigarette smoking can help the situation here.

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KNOWLEDGE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AND POST PARTUM BLUES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN WESLEY GUILD HOSPITAL, ILESA, OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

Post-partum women experience changes in their mental health while trying to adapt to the role of parenting. These changes have caused disruption in the women’s mental wellbeing and if not well examined can lead to psychological distress and post-partum blues during the post-natal period. Hence, this study aims at assessing the knowledge of psychological distress and post-partum blues among pregnant women. A cross sectional descriptive study design was employed with a random sampling technique to select 150 women attending antenatal clinic in Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa. The instrument for hthis study is a structured questionnaire with a reliability co-efficient score of 0.76. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean, frequencies and percentages. Findings from the study shows that the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents are between 2029years and 30-39years. Findings further showed that majority of respondents are mostly Christian and all of them are married. Majority of the respondents are Yoruba and the family setting are monogamy and the level of education attained by respondents are tertiary institution. Majority of the respondents are either civil servant or business class. majority of the respondents have either one or two children are at present are in their second or third trimester of pregnancy. Lastly, majority of the respondents earn below N500,000 per annum. The study observed that respondents are knowledgeable about the risk factors and symptoms of psychological distress and post-partum blue. respondents are knowledgeable about the management and prevention of psychological distress and the level of Findings also revealed that
psychological distress among respondents is very low, 12% using the Kessler-10 distress level scale. There is need to assess psychological distress among post-partum women and to provide psychological support by health care workers and family members, thereby further reducing its occurrence among them. An intervention package should be designed to facilitate prevention of psychological distress.

  • Beatrice | M. | Ohaeri | bmkohaeri@yahoo.co.uk | 09098124097, Beatrice | O. | Owolabi | owolabibeatrice@yahoo.com | 08038585963, Chiemerigo | A. | Onyeneho | chiemerigoanne@gmail.com | 08067242852
  • : Knowledge; psychological distress; post-partum blues; pregnant women
  • Lautech New Edition April 2020 Article 16
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KNOWLEDGE OF NURSING PROCESS AND ATTITUDE AMONG UNDERGRADUATE NURSING STUDENTS TOWARDS ITS UTILIZATION IN A TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTION, EDO-STATE, NIGERIA

Nursing process is the scientific protocol that guides quality nursing care globally. To the best of our knowledge very little has been done in this direction in health literature thus motivating this study. The study therefore sets out to examine the knowledge and attitude among undergraduate nursing students towards the utilization of the nursing process in the provision of nursing care in tertiary teaching hospitals in Edo-State, Nigeria. The study design is descriptive crosssectional approach. Simple random sampling technique was employed to select 147 undergraduate nursing students. The instrument of this study is a semi-structured questionnaire which was designed to elicit information on respondents’ Knowledge of nursing process using a 10 point knowledge scale and assessment of attitude towards the utilization of the nursing process using 8 variables measured on a five point Likert scale. The reliability coeffiecient score of the instrument is 0.8. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents revealed
Findings show that the respondents’ knowledge about nursing process is average and their attitude is positive (mean=2.93). Further findings reveal that
and it was observed that there is no significant relationship between the attitude of nursing
This
findings of
that majority are within the 21-25years of ages. Majority of the respondents are in 200 and 400 level and are single. Lastly, the respondents are mostly Christians.
the stages of nursing process where students had difficulties are assessment and planning. Hypothesis was tested
student and nursing process base on gender. It is recommended that nursing process should be used by undergraduate nurses at every level of undergraduate nursing education to enable students equip themselves with better skills and knowledge for practice.

  • Omor ogbe | C. | E. | omorogbechrisite@yahoo.com | 08062304948, Okafor | F. | U. | uchendifidelis2001@yahoo.com | 08037442403 , Ekrakene | T. | . | tekrakene@biu.edu.ng | 08037756878 , Omorogbe | F. | . | fomorogbe@biu.edu.ng | 08059661705, Ibidokun | C. | J. | @ | +234
  • : Nursing Process; Knowledge; Attitude; Tertiary health institution; Undergraduate nursing students
  • Lautech New Edition April 2020 Article 15
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