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HEALTH PROMOTION PRACTICES AND ITS RELATED FACTORS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA

Healthy lifestyle is a set of behavioural patterns that maintains a strong relationship with a person’s optimal health. Some of the risk factors associated with poor pregnancy outcome are modifiable. This study assesses health promotion
practices and its related factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Government Health Institution of
Ile-Ife, Osun State. A cross-sectional study through stratified sampling technique was used to select 380 pregnant women
from six Government Healthcare Institutions in Ile-Ife, Osun State. Participants who consented to participate completed a 69-item structured questionnaire on health-promoting lifestyle profile. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean age of the respondents was 29.54 ± 7.22. The overall score of the health promotion practices of respondents is high with a mean score of 147.72 out of 172. The health-promoting lifestyle frequently
practiced by pregnant women is spiritual value/belief with the mean of 27.29 ± 1.96 while the least practiced is physical
activity with the mean of 6.74 ± 3.53. Health responsibility and physical activity subscale are not adequately practiced
despite their roles in the prevention and early detection of non-communicable diseases. A statistical relationship (p<0.05)
is found between lifestyle practice and socio-economic variables. Therefore, it is imperative to integrate comprehensive
health-promoting lifestyle activities in antenatal care services for positive pregnancy outcomes

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