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Published Manuscript

DIRECT OBSERVATION AS A METHOD OF ASSESSMENT AND INSTANT FACE TO FACE FEEDBACK FROM GENERATED AND PRINTED COPY OF BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS) DEVICES FOR UNDERGRADUATE PHYSIOTHERAPIST STUDENTS OF CARDIFF UNIVERSITY, UNITED KINGDOM

For ensuring effective teaching and facilitating learning during students-patient interaction, a valid assessment needs to be adopted. Many assessment mechanisms exist to evaluate students’ knowledge and skills of medical students, including two-way mirrors, closecircuit audio-video and observation. Providing students with instant feedback is a key to successful learning. Level one undergraduate students of Cardiff University, United Kingdom are assigned to carryout basic life support (BLS) procedure using manikin whilst the student-teacher employed direct observation method (DOM) as a tool to evaluating students’ learning competencies. The supervisor monitored the student-teacher who organized the one-hour task to assess the students. Professional driver’s guidelines of Quality Assurance Agency, Nursing & Midwifery Council and National Institute for health Care Excellence, together with learning theories including constructivist, behaviouristic and humanistic are considered. The assignment is aimed at examining students’ competencies using one-hour assessment and BLS generated and printed copy of feedback. The assignment was analysed in three phases viz: direct observation, accuracy and effectiveness of the BLS devices and instant feedback stage. The outcome indicated that DOM is a good assessment tool used in evaluating varying degrees of students’ Knowledge, Attitude, Motor skills, Structure (logical skills), Novice, Advanced Beginner, Competency, proficiency, and expertise at different stage of learning.

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