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FACTORS AFFECTING NON-COMPLIANCE TO TREATMENT REGIMEN AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN A SECONDARY HEALTH FACILITY IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

The increasing global prevalence of diabetes
has become a public health issue. Therapeutic
non-compliance leads to treatment failure thus
making management of diabetes serious
concerns for clients and care providers. The
study examines factors affecting the noncompliance to treatment regimens among
diabetic patients attending medical out-patient
department using Ondo Specialist Hospital,
Akure, South-Western Nigeria as case study.
Descriptive cross-sectional design was used
for this study. One hundred (100) diabetic
patients were selected using the random
sampling technique. Data was collected using
questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of
0.81. Data collected were analyzed using
Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)
version 21 presented in frequencies,
percentages and tables. Test of association was
utilized with P = 0.05 level of significance. The
result of this study shows that majority of
participant are within the age range of 60-80
years with mean age being 70 years. Standard
deviation is ±17.42, majority of the
respondents are female and are married with
tertiary education. Majority of the respondents
are Christians and Yoruba. The study reveals
that the respondents are knowledgeable about
diabetes mellitus and the factors affecting noncompliance to therapeutic regimen by diabetic
patients are lack of support from family/
relatives, inability to replace drugs due to
financial problem, replacing strips due to cost attitude of health workers, financial
constraints in meeting up with hospital
appointment and cost of maintaining diet. We
therefore suggest that governmental and nongovernmental organizations should support
clients managing patients with this
illness/condition to promote compliance. 

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FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE AMONG STUDENTS OF THE SCHOOLS OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY IN AKURE

Career decision making is a major step to take
in everybody’s life. It is the most important and
several factors have been discovered to
influence such decision making among
individuals ranging from external factors,
internal factors to rewards and characteristics
of the profession. This study therefore examines
factors affecting the choice of career among
students of the schools of nursing and
midwifery in Akure, Ondo State. A descriptive
non experimental design was adopted and the
total population of 216 students was used for
this study. The instrument used was a self-developed questionnaire adapted from four
case studies, consisting of four sections was
used for this study. Data collected was
analyzed using descriptive statistics such as
means frequencies, percentages and the
hypotheses tested using chi-square to
determine the level of significance in the
variables. The findings of this research reveal
that the factors influencing choice of career are
parents, nurse role model and books. The result
of the hypotheses tested in this study show that
there is a significant relationship between
external factors and choosing nursing as a
career, there is significant relationship between
internal factors/rewards and the choice of
nursing as a career and lastly, there is no
significant difference relationship between
gender and reasons for studying nursing. It is
therefore recommended that positive image of
the nursing profession be propagated via
media such as television and radio
programmes as well as in practice.

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FAMILY HEALTH AS A DETERMINANT OF MATERNALAND CHILD HEALTH

The family is the smallest unit of the society and the
goal of its health is for optimal functioning of the
individual members. Family health is more than
the personal health of the individual member of
the family. Family influences health of its members
through genetic, shared physical and social
environment. Maternal and child state of health is
influenced by the family system stability. A family’s
physical, emotional, social, mental and financial
health influences the health of the mother, children
and unborn child. Assessment of a family health
through comprehensive history taking exposes the
clouds arising from the family members that
surrounds and affects the woman and her children
and unborn child. It is noteworthy that health
workers should strategize and reinforce positive
responses among women to help them adjust to
any stage of their development.It is recommended
that health care professionals should treat families
as partners in healthcare and also view
individuals as a whole and member of family and
larger social environment.

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KNOWLEDGE AND HYGIENE PRACTICE AMONG BUTCHERS WORKING IN ABATTOIR ZANGON SHANU SABONGARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE

This study assesses of knowledge and hygiene
practice among butchers working in abattoir
Zangon Shanu Sabongari LGA Kaduna State.
The descriptive research design was used for
this study and the target population are
butchers, slaughtering regularly. Simple
random sampling technique was used to select
110 respondents for the study. The instrument
used for this study was questionnaire which
consists of four sections that elicited the socio-demographic characteristics of the
respondents, level of knowledge, level of
practice on hygiene among butchers working
in the abattoir and factors that influence
hygiene practice. The questionnaires were
pilot tested using the Cronbach alpha value for
the analysis that yield a coefficient reliability
score of 0.79. The data obtained from the study
was clean coded and analyzed using statistical
package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23,
and was computed using descriptive statistical
tools of frequencies and percentages. The
result from this study shows that the
respondents are knowledgeable about hygiene
and the practice of hygiene is moderate. The
study also observes that all the factors listed in
this study such as regular supervision and
inspection of butchers, including abattoir by
appropriate management, knowledge of
personal and environmental hygiene, training
of butchers on proper ways of meat handling
and slaughter processing. Lastly, availability
of portable water supply, good toilet facilities
and washing hand facilities influence hygiene practice. It is therefore recommended that the
government should motivates our butchers by
building modern abattoir with good toilet
facilities, washing hands facilities and
portable water supply

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KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF DENGUE AMONG STAFF NURSES IN SELECTED HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN BENIN CITY, EDO STATE NIGERIA

The study examines the perception of nurses
towards dengue in tertiary and state
institutions in Benin, City. Descriptive cross sectional design was used and the target
population for this study is the nurses in
University of Benin Teaching Hospital and
Central Hospital.The Yamane Formula was
used to determine the sample size of 297
respondents which was selected through simple
random sampling technique. The research
instrument for this study is a self-developed
structured questionnaire with 38 items. The
face and content validity were ensured and the
reliability coefficient score using Cronbach
alpha was 0.88. Descriptive statistics in the
form of frequency, percentage, mean, standard
deviation, pie chart and inferential statistics in
the form of Chi-square was used to analyse
data. The level of precision assumed was set at
0.05. Findings of the demographic characteristics
reveals that majority are between the age of 30-
39 years and are married (67.0%). Additionally,
this study observes that the respondents are
knowledgeable about dengue fever but their
perception is poor. Further findings show that
all factors listed negatively influence the
perception of dengue fever among the
respondents. Reports of the four hypotheses
tested show that firstly, there is a significant
relationship between the qualification of the
nurses and their level of knowledge of dengue.
Secondly, there is no significant relationship
between years of experience of nurses and their
perception of dengue. Thirdly, there is no
significant relationship between the nurses’ knowledge and their perception of dengue and
lastly, there is no significant relationship
between the perception of dengue among
nurses in University of Benin Teaching
Hospital and Central Hospital, Benin-City.
Therefore, it is recommended that adequate
awareness should be made across the country
to help clarify the misconceptions of dengue
and continued insight on dengue prevention,
transmission and high-risk patient population
be given. Also, periodic assessment and
training of healthcare professionals to reduce
the burden of dengue should be harnessed

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KNOWLEDGE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF INFERTILITY ON MEN IN A TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTION IN BENIN CITY, EDO STATE, NIGERIA

This study examines knowledge and
psychosocial consequences of infertility on
men using the Human Reproductive and
Research Program (HRRP) clinic of University
of Benin Teaching Hospital in Edo State,
Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional survey
design method was adopted for this study. The
population of respondents was 60 and the data
were collected through questionnaires with a
reliability coefficient score of 0.85 subjected to
analysis using the Statistical Package for
Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21in form of
frequencies, tables, percentages and Test of
association was utilized with P = 0.05 level of
significance. The study shows that many
respondents are knowledgeable about the
psychosocial consequences of infertility in
men. This study further reveals that the
psychological and sociological consequence of
infertility in male is low. However, the most
prominent psychological consequence
gathered is hopelessness and frustration while
the most prominent sociological consequences
observed include loss of social status and
marital disharmony. The result of the
hypotheses tested showed that there is no
significant association between the men’s
knowledge of infertility and psychological
consequences. Secondly, there is no significant
association between the men’s knowledge on
infertility and sociological consequences. It is
therefore recommended that men should opt to
receive counselling from an institution
responsible for fertility services for better
enlightenment and the need for their involvement in sexual and reproductive health

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KNOWLEDGE AND UTILIZATION OF HIV COUNSELLING AND TESTING (HCT) AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Adolescents form a large proportion of any
country’s population and economic strength. In
Nigeria, it has been discovered that half of new
HIV infections are largely contributed by
adolescents in their late teens (15-19) through to
age 25. This study assessed the knowledge and
utilization of HIV counselling and testing (HCT)
among adolescents in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Cross-sectional designed was adopted for this
study and the total population of 710 was used.
The instrument used for this study is semi-structured standardized questionnaire adopted
from WHO on HCT services with a reliability
score of 0.78 and only 649 questionnaires was
retrieved and analysed using the Statistical
Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.
Results were presented using descriptive statistics
such as frequencies, percentages and charts.
Hypotheses tested with Chi-square at 5% level of
significance. Findings show that the knowledge
and utilization of HIV counselling and testing
(HCT) among participants is very poor. The
factors influencing utilization are stigmatization,
fear and ignorance. The result of the hypotheses
tested reports that the place of residence is the only
socio-demographic characteristic that has a
significant association with the use of HCT service
among adolescents, and there are significant
association between participants of who have ever
had sex, who have ever has blood transfusion, who
has the initiative and use of HCT services
respectively. In conclusion, there is the need for a
better integration of HCT services into
educational programs.

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MANAGEMENT STYLES AS CORRELATES OF NURSES’ RETENTION AT WORK: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY OF NURSES IN GHANA
  • Kumah | Augustine | . | augustinekumah@gmail.com | +233542117382; +23481299055494
  • : Relationship: Management Styles: Nurses: Ghana
  • MANAGEMENT STYLES
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OCULAR TRAUMA KNOWLEDGE AND PREVENTION PRACTICE AMONG PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENIN CITY, EDO STATE

This study examines the knowledge of ocular
trauma among public primary school teachers in
Egor Local Government Area in Benin City, Edo
State. The study adopts a cross-sectional survey
design and a simple random sampling method was
used to select Two hundred and nine (209) public
primary school teachers. A pretested, self-structured questionnaire was used as instrument
of data collection based on the research
objectives; before administration, it was subjected
to validity and reliability testing. Data generated
were coded, entered and analysed using IBM
Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)
24.0 for windows. Data were presented
descriptively using frequency and percentage
tables and charts. Chi-square Analysis was used
to establish the relationship between variables.
The level of significance was set at p<0.05. The
finding shows that respondents are
knowledgeable about ocular trauma and ocular
trauma prevention, Further findings revealed that
the leading source of information about ocular
trauma was hospital (50.7%), television (22.9%)
and the level of respondents practice of ocular
trauma prevention is high. Two hypotheses were
tested and the result observed that there is a
significant association between sex of public
primary school teachers and the practice of
prevention of ocular trauma and lastly, there is a
significant association between the level of
knowledge of ocular trauma and practice of
prevention of ocular trauma The study, therefore,
recommends the need to increase knowledge of
causes of ocular trauma, prevention, early
treatment, and regarding access to available eye
care services in the location understudy. This may enable minimisation of visual impairment and
cost of eyecare

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PAIN ASSESSMENT TOOLS IN PAEDIATRICS: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW

Pain assessment is an integral component of
pain management. However, pain assessment
remains sub-optimal in many African
countries. Lack of knowledge is one of the
major reasons for this setback in paediatric
pain management. Numerous pain assessment
tools have been studied and validated by
researchers all over the world. This article
presents a summary of the various pain
assessment tools in the existing literature. This
review aims at critically analyzing and
summarizing the findings of existing studies on
paediatric pain assessment tools. A systematic
literature review was conducted in PubMed,
Science Direct and Google Scholar.
Preliminary search terms were imputed into
the various databases, they are: ‘pain
assessment’, ‘paediatric’, ‘assessment tools’
and ‘pain assessment checklist’. Three main
themes emerge from the literature that were
reviewed, they are: self-report, observer
reported and physiological measures. Tools
appropriate for different ages were also
presented. To enhance the utilization of pain
assessment tools, there is a need for strict
policies to necessitate pain assessment. Also,
researchers should develop and test electronic
versions of these assessment tools.

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