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Unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to cause serious damage to women’s reproductive health around the world. This study examined the knowledge and utilization of modern contraceptives among women of reproductive age (15–49 years) who attended the post-natal clinic at the Federal Teaching Hospital in Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State. This was a cross-sectional study. A simple random sampling
technique was used to select 200. Data was collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire while the analysis of data was done using SPSS version 24. The report is presented in frequencies and percentages. Findings showed that respondents are highly
knowledgeable about modern contraceptives (76%) but, the level of utilization is low (45%) Further findings showed that fear of side effect and complication including religious belief and culture were majorly identified by respondents as factors affecting the uptake of modern contraceptives. It therefore, recommended that health workers should encourage the use of contraceptives and make it free so as to enable more people to take the advantages of family planning services and also public should be informed about family planning services available in all health facilities through the media, which is the most widely used medium for disseminating information.

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