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Published Manuscript

KNOWLEDGE AND UTILIZATION OF HIV COUNSELLING AND TESTING (HCT) AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Adolescents form a large proportion of any
country’s population and economic strength. In
Nigeria, it has been discovered that half of new
HIV infections are largely contributed by
adolescents in their late teens (15-19) through to
age 25. This study assessed the knowledge and
utilization of HIV counselling and testing (HCT)
among adolescents in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Cross-sectional designed was adopted for this
study and the total population of 710 was used.
The instrument used for this study is semi-structured standardized questionnaire adopted
from WHO on HCT services with a reliability
score of 0.78 and only 649 questionnaires was
retrieved and analysed using the Statistical
Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.
Results were presented using descriptive statistics
such as frequencies, percentages and charts.
Hypotheses tested with Chi-square at 5% level of
significance. Findings show that the knowledge
and utilization of HIV counselling and testing
(HCT) among participants is very poor. The
factors influencing utilization are stigmatization,
fear and ignorance. The result of the hypotheses
tested reports that the place of residence is the only
socio-demographic characteristic that has a
significant association with the use of HCT service
among adolescents, and there are significant
association between participants of who have ever
had sex, who have ever has blood transfusion, who
has the initiative and use of HCT services
respectively. In conclusion, there is the need for a
better integration of HCT services into
educational programs.

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